A migraine can be said to be a severe headache that affects one side of the head and it’s accompanied by vomiting, nausea, photophobia and visual disturbance. A migraine can cause severe pain or throbbing sensation sometimes this pain last for hours or even days depending on how you control or maintain them.

With the right medications and self-care, migraine can be prevented.  If you are having any symptoms of a migraine talk to your doctor first so as to get the right treatment methods.

What are the common symptoms of a migraine?

A migraine sometimes begins in childhood, it also can start in adolescence or at early stages of adulthood. A migraine has four basic stages which are
Prodrome
This usually occurs a day or two before migraine starts, you may notice the following change  which indicates signs of an upcoming migraine

  • Frequent yawning
  • Food craving
  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Constipation
  • Mood  changes
  • Severe tooth pain

    Aura

    This may occur before or during migraine, a good number of people suffer migraine without Aura. Aura is a symptom of the nervous system they usually include visual disturbance, blurry vision zigzag vision etc. Some other symptoms which may be accompanied with aura may include weakness of body muscles, touching sensation, movement or speech disturbance. Each of this symptoms starts gradually and build up. The following may indicate a migraine aura

  • Vision loss
  • Needle and pin sensation in the arm and leg
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Uncontrollable jerking or movement
  • Weakness or numbness In the face or one side of the body.
    Sometimes migraine may be associated with weakness of the limb with is referred to as a hemiplegic migraine.

    Attack

    The average time a migraine last is between  4 to 72 hours if not properly treated, the rate at which headaches occur may vary according to different persons. During a migraine attack, you may experience the following
    Blurry vision
    Pain on one side of the head
    Lightheaded which is something accompanied by fainting
    Nausea and -vomiting
    Sensitivity to light, sound,smell, and touch

    Post-drome

    This is the final phase in a migraine after this phase has occurred,  you may fill total drained and may also  experience the following

  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Moodiness
  • Sensitivity to light.

    What are the common causes of migraine?

    Although the basic Factor which may be responsible for causing migraine remains unknown it’s assumed that genetics and environmental factors play a good role in the development of migraine.
    A migraine may be caused by the disproportion in Brain chemicals this may also include serotonin a brain chemical that helps in the regulations of pain in the nervous system.
    Migraine trigger
    Below are some common factors that may trigger migraine
    Physical factor: intensive physical exertion may trigger migraine
    Medication
    The consistency use of contraceptives and vasodilators such as nitroglycerin may aggravate  migraine
    Change in environment
    A change in weather or barometric pressure can aggravate migraine

    Food additives

    The sweetener aspartame, as well as the preservative monosodium glutamate found in many foods, may also trigger migraines.

    Drinks

    Alcohol, wines and highly caffeinated drinks can trigger migraines

    Risk factors

    Age

    Migraines may occur at any age but most it begins at adolescence and then tends to peak during your 30’s and becomes less severe and frequent during the remain decades.
    Gender

    Women are more likely to have migraines than men,  boys who develop migraines often develop them at childhood but by the time of puberty and beyond mostly girls are affected.

    Hormonal change

    Most women who suffer migraines tends to have headaches during or before their menstrual cycle.
    Some women report migraine attack during pregnancy or menopause, migraine generally improves after menopause and may also increase during late stages of pregnancy.

    When to see a doctor

    If you keep having this usually headaches accompanied by the signs and symptoms of migraines, I would be wise to keep a detailed record of when the attacks come and how you treat them and then book a doctors appointment.
    See the doctor immediately you start seeing The following symptoms

  • New headache pains mostly on one side of the head
  • A chronic headache pain mostly after coughing
  • Headache pain after a head injury
  • Headaches with a stiff neck, fever,  mental confusion, seizure, weakness, and numbness.
  • Severe headache like a thunderclap

    Prevention of migraines

The most common way to prevent a migraine is to avoid migraine triggers but sometimes migraine triggers cannot be avoided, thanks to modern technology some life-changing technique which helps prevent migraines and reduce its severity may include 

Transcutaneous supraorbital nerve stimulation (t-SNS)

This device which is similar to a headband with electrodes that has been recently approved by the food and drug agencies as a therapy for migraines. Research has shown that those who use this device have reduced symptoms of migraines and less pain

Create a consistent daily schedule

Create a consistent daily schedule with regular sleep patterns and regular meals and also see that you avoid stress.

Regular exercise

Regular exercise help to reduce tension helps in weight loss, and maintain good body weight and control obesity which is a key factor in migraines.  With the doctor’s advice, you can carry out simple and less stressful exercise because intense exercises tend to help improve migraines.

Reduce the effects of estrogen

women who suffer migraine attack and estrogen seems to trigger them or make them worst, you may want to avoid drug which contains estrogen.

treatment for migraine is possible if you follow the right procedure and ensure to see your doctor when necessary.

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