Infant cold symptoms are symptoms displayed by infants when they come down with a common cold. A common cold is a viral infection that affects the infant’s nose and throat.
Babies from 6months and above are usually susceptible to the common cold, this is because some immunity they got from their mother is wearing off and they are yet to develop immunity to cold infection.
Within the first year of their lives, Infants usually have numerous cold. Most often there are infant cold symptoms to look out for and determine if it’s really a cold or not.
Most importantly treating cold in infants requires special care, most times you need the doctor’s appointment. But in most case is often not a serious issue.
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Facts on infant cold
Here are some facts you really need to note when looking out for infant cold.
- Children may come down with cold at any time of the year.
- Nasal can be an early sign of infant cold symptoms.
- Book a doctor’s appointment for babies less than three months if the start exhibiting infant cold symptoms.
Common infant cold symptoms
Excess nasal discharge is common in infants. It often starts out runny and watery and then progresses to thicker, green discharge within a few days.
The first infant cold symptoms
Nasal discharge that is runny and watery but might turn thick and yellow or green in a few days.
A slight fever may also follow, but this could also be as a result of their body fighting off the infection.
Other signs of infant cold include:
- Decreased appetite
- Trouble sleeping
- Difficulty nursing due to a stuffy nose.
Infant cold symptoms are similar to some other illnesses like croup and pneumonia, so it’s best to have an appointment with the doctor to determine if true it’s a cold or something else.
Causes of infant cold symptoms
Infant cold is an infection of throat and nose and it is caused over 100 viruses, rhino-viruses happens to be the most common.
The virus responsible for infant cold symptoms can enter your baby’s mouth nose or eyes. Some common ways to get this virus includes;
Air: your baby can get this virus when a person who has the virus shares the same air space with your baby.
Direct contact: having direct contact with a person who has the virus can help spread it to your baby. For instant, if a person with the virus touches your baby’s hand, the baby is likely to touch his or her eyes or nose with the same hand and contact the virus too.
Contaminated surfaces: touching a contaminated surface like a toy with the virus resting on it can also help to spread the virus.
Risk factors of infant cold symptoms
While newborns get cold infrequently, the chance of older babies and young children coming down with a cold is on the high side. the reason is that the immunity inherited from their moms has all worn off and they are yet to develop resistance to the virus.
Most importantly its best to look out for these risk factors that can increase the risk of infant cold;
Exposure; exposure to older children who don’t wash their hands after cough or sneezes increases your infant risk of having a cold.
Immature immune system; due to the fact that these infants are yet to develop the proper resistance to this virus, their chances of coming down with a cold is at a high rate.
Time of the year; everyone both babies and adults get cold during spring.
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Prevention of infant cold symptoms
It is best to help infants avoid cold at all costs by taking steps to reduce their exposure. Some of these steps may include;
- Always clean their toys and play areas regularly.
- Ensure to wash your hands properly before feeding your baby.
- Wash with soap and water and if not available wipe your hand with gels that contain alcohol.
- Most importantly keep your baby away from anyone who is sick.
- Avoid the use of public transport and public gatherings whenever you are with your newborn.
- Teach everyone in the house to use tissue paper while coughing.
Treatment for infant cold
- Since the infant’s body is learning to protect itself, it’s advisable to treat a newborn cold with patient care.
- Overtreatment or medication is so not advisable as this could have a serious side effect on the newborn.
- Nasal saline drops(to help with a stuffy nose) along with a few different home remedies may be recommended by the doctor to help the baby through their early cold.
- In most cases, an average time of 2weeks its what’s required for the infant cold symptoms to go completely. The possibility of using fever-reducing medication may also be discussed.
Home remedies for infant cold
Here are a few home remedies that can help ease infant cold symptoms
Hydration: mucus and fever can take away vital liquids and electrolytes, so its best to keep your baby well fed and hydrated when fighting a cold.
Rest: when fighting a cold is best to avoid public places, and give the baby plenty of time to rest.
Humidity: keeping the air around the baby’s crib moist assists them to breathe better and relieve congestion.
Clean nasal passage: when fighting a cold, you need to do everything in your power to ensure the baby breathes easier. Cleaning out the baby’s nose with a rubber syringe might help with that.
Things to note about infant cold symptoms
Colds are rare in newborns but common in babes still building up their immune system.
You cannot fight off every germ in your environment but you can help your baby feel comfortable while their bodies fight off the cold.
In most cases colds turn into serious sickness, so its best to go for regular checkup especially when the cold comes with high fever and other infant cold symptoms.
Finally, it’s best to see the doctor once you notice serious sickness symptoms.